Glossary

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Dissociated Ammonia

A gas or atmosphere composed of a mixture of hydrogen and nitrogen. This gas or atmosphere is known as "dissociated ammonia" as a result of the products of decomposing ammonia, which are nitrogen and hydrogen. 

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Electric Generators

A device or equipment that creates electrical power from mechanical power. The electrical power that is produced flows through an external circuit to a final destination. Proton Onsite hydrogen gas generators are frequently used to supply hydrogen as a cooling agent for electricity generators.

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Electrochemical Ammonia Synthesis

The synthesis of nitrogen and hydrogen to create ammonia using electrochemical synthesis.  Proton OnSite electrochemical gas generators can be used to generate the ammonia needed, at any specific rate, by electrochemical ammonia synthesis.

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Electrochemical Compression

When hydrogen is produced by PEM electrolysis, the generation pressure can be increased internally to the cell through the process of electrochemical compression.  In a PEM electrolyzer, there is very little voltage penalty to compressing the hydrogen this way, and it is much more energy efficient than mechanically compressing hydrogen. In addition to compressing hydrogen in the electrolysis process, you can also electrochemically “pump” hydrogen across a similar PEM cell stack to achieve the same pressure increase.

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Electrolysis

A process in which a chemical change, especially decomposition, is brought about by passing an electric current through a solution of electrolytes so that the electrolyte's ions move toward the negative and positive electrodes and react with them.Proton OnSite specializes in Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) electrolysis, which utilizes a solid polymer electrolyte, to generate hydrogen for commercial use.

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Energy Storage

The preservation and management of energy produced at one time, to be used at a subsequent time. For example, Proton OnSite hydrogen generators can be used to convert wind energy (from a turbine) or solar energy (from solar panels) into storable hydrogen gas that can later be reconverted into electricity.

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Epitaxy

The application of a crystalline coat (overlayer) to a given crystalline substrate to grow or mimic the substrate. Gases such as hydrogen can be used to create epitaxial films by using water vapor from hydrogen gas generation as a wet oxidation atmosphere in which epitaxial layers can be grown. This technology is often used in semiconductor applications. 

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Exo or Endo Gas

Gas that inhibits or reverses oxidation on the surfaces it comes in contact with. A product of incomplete combustion in a controlled environment. Examples include hydrogen, nitrogen and carbon monoxide (CO).

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External Impurities

External pollutants that are not a result of the unit being used. These unwanted pollutants could negatively affect the purity or operation of the unit in use.

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